Today Friday 8th March is celebrated as the International Women’s Day, a global day celebrating the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women. The day also marks a call to action for accelerating gender parity.
It is a focal point in women’s rights movement. Following the organization of a Women’s Day by the Socialist Party of America on February 28, 1909 in New York, an annual Women’s Day was suggested by the 1910 International Socialist Woman’s Conference. After women won Soviet Russia suffrage in 1917, there March 8 became a national holiday. The day was then celebrated predominantly by the socialist movement and communist countries until it was adopted by the United Nations in 1975.
Reasons Why International Women’s Day Is Celebrated
Research has showed that women’s education level is lower compared to men’s .Parents in certain countries still only push for sons to be educated but neglect their daughters ambitions. In the rest of the world, more girls remain out of school than boys and “women make up two thirds of the 750 million adults without basic literacy skills”. The differences between girls’ and boys’ enrolment rates are largest in the Middle East and in Sub-Saharan Africa
Women uses the International Women’s Day to push for the gender pay gap, this is the average difference between the renumeration for men and women who are working. Women are generally paid less than men. Even in developed countries like the UK and the US, there is still a substantial difference between male and female employees. And we don’t need to mention second and third world countries.
Violence against women – particularly intimate partner violence and sexual violence is a major public health problem and a violation of women’s human rights.
Global estimates published by WHO indicate that about 1 in 3 (35%) of women worldwide have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence in their lifetime.
Most of this violence is intimate partner violence. Worldwide, almost one third (30%) of women who have been in a relationship report that they have experienced some form of physical and/or sexual violence by their intimate partner in their lifetime.
Globally, as many as 38% of murders of women are committed by a male intimate partner.
Lastly,women and other advocates are strongly pushing for gender equality.Which is as a result of the persistent discrimination of women and it manifests itself differently according to race, culture, politics, country, and economic situation. It is furthermore considered a causal factor of violence against women.
International Women’s Day 2019 campaign theme:
The future is exciting. Let’s build a gender-balanced world.
Everyone has a part to play – all the time, everywhere.
From grassroots activism to worldwide action, we are entering an exciting period of history where the world expects balance. We notice its absence and celebrate its presence.
Balance drives a better working world. Let’s all help create a #BalanceforBetter.